A New, Evidence-based Estimate of Patient Harms Associated with Hospital Care

James, John T. PhD

Journal of Patient Safety
September 2013 – Volume 9 – Issue 3 – p 122-128


Objectives: Based on 1984 data developed from reviews of medical records of patients treated in New York hospitals, the Institute of Medicine estimated that up to 98,000 Americans die each year from medical errors. The basis of this estimate is nearly 3 decades old; herein, an updated estimate is developed from modern studies published from 2008 to 2011.

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